Common Htaccess 301 Redirect Rules

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There are common Httacess 301 redirect rules that I find myself searching for each time I build a website for a client or help with a website relaunch transition plan. So I thought I would create a resource that I found helpful where I could gather all the common rules into one spot to save me time each project.

What is an Htaccess file?

The .htaccess, or Hypertext Access file, is a configuration text file that controls the directory, as well as any subdirectories, where it is located on an Apache web server. If you use a Linux-based web hosting plan, your web properties likely run on Apache. You may have seen the .htaccess file in certain directories, particularly if you have deployed WordPress, Joomla, Drupal or any other content management web software.

The .htaccess file can include specific instructions to the server. This file can configure the server to require a password for the directory where it resides. The .htaccess file can also be configured to automatically redirect users to another index file or site, restrict or allow users based on IP addresses and disable directory listings. You may never need to edit the .htaccess file, but if you do, you must make sure that the file is named “.htaccess” only, with the period in front and no .txt or .htm file extension.

Common 301 Redirect Htaccess Rules

How do you redirect a single page?

Redirect 301 /pagename.php http://www.domain.com/pagename.html

How do you redirect an entire site or domain to a new one?

Redirect 301 / http://www.domain.com/

How do you redirect an entire site to a sub folder?

Redirect 301 / http://www.domain.com/subfolder/

How do you redirect a sub folder to different website?

Redirect 301 /subfolder http://www.domain.com/

How do you redirect a file extension but retain the page name?

Example: If you want an .html extension to use the same filename but use the .php extension.

RedirectMatch 301 (.*)\.html$ http://www.domain.com$1.php

How do you use rewriting to redirect from old domain to new domain?

RewriteEngine on
RewriteBase /
RewriteRule (.*) http://www.newdomain.com/$1 [R=301,L]

How do you use rewriting to redirect from a non-www to www subdomain?

RewriteEngine on
RewriteBase /
rewritecond %{http_host} ^domain.com [nc]
rewriterule ^(.*)$ http://www.domain.com/$1 [r=301,nc]

How do you use rewriting to redirect a domain to www location with subdirectory?

RewriteEngine on
RewriteBase /
RewriteCond %{HTTP_HOST} domain.com [NC]
RewriteRule ^(.*)$ http://www.domain.com/directory/index.html [R=301,NC]

How do you use rewriting to redirect from an old domain to new domain that includes the full path and query string?

Options +FollowSymLinks
RewriteEngine On
RewriteRule ^(.*) http://www.newdomain.com%{REQUEST_URI} [R=302,NC]

How do you use rewriting to redirect from an old domain with a subdirectory to new domain without the subdirectory, but include the full path and query string?

Options +FollowSymLinks
RewriteEngine On
RewriteCond %{REQUEST_URI} ^/subdirname/(.*)$
RewriteRule ^(.*) http://www.katcode.com/%1 [R=302,NC]

How do you rewrite and redirect URLs with query parameters with files placed in a root directory?

Example: The original URL being http://www.website.com/index.php?id=3 and the new URL being http://www.website.com/path-to-new-location/

RewriteEngine on
RewriteCond %{QUERY_STRING} id=3
RewriteRule ^index\.php$ /path-to-new-location/? [L,R=301]

How do you redirect URLs with query parameters and place files in a subdirectory?

Example: The original URL being http://www.website.com/sub-dir/index.php?id=3 and the new page being http://www.website.com/path-to-new-location/

RewriteEngine on
RewriteCond %{QUERY_STRING} id=3
RewriteRule ^sub-dir/index\.php$ /path-to-new-location/? [L,R=301]

How do you redirect a site to HTTPS from HTTP to eliminate duplicate content?

RewriteEngine on
RewriteCond %{HTTPS} on
RewriteRule (.*) https://%{HTTP_HOST}%{REQUEST_URI}

How do you redirect a site from HTTP to HTTPS to eliminate duplicate content?

RewriteEngine On
RewriteCond %{HTTPS} on
RewriteRule (.*) http://%{HTTP_HOST}%{REQUEST_URI}

How do you remove an index.html or index.php and redirect to the root?

RewriteEngine On
RewriteCond %{THE_REQUEST} /index.php HTTP [NC]
RewriteRule (.*)index.php$ /$1 [R=301,L]
RewriteEngine On
RewriteCond %{THE_REQUEST} /index.html HTTP [NC]
RewriteRule (.*)index.html$ /$1 [R=301,L]

How do you rewrite and redirect URLs with query parameter to directory based structure, retaining query string in URL root level?

Example: The original URL being http://www.website.com/index.php?id=100 and new page being http://www.website.com/100/

RewriteEngine On
RewriteRule ^([^/d]+)/?$ index.php?id=$1 [QSA]

How do you rewrite URLs with a query parameter to a directory based structure, retaining query string parameter in URL subdirectory?

Example: The original URL is http://www.website.com/index.php?category=fish and new page being http://www.website.com/category/fish/

RewriteEngine On
RewriteRule ^/?category/([^/d]+)/?$ index.php?category=$1 [L,QSA]

How do you redirect an old website to a new domain and retain the URL path?

RewriteEngine on
RewriteCond %{HTTP_HOST} ^example-old\.com$ [NC]
RewriteRule ^(.*)$ http://www.example-new.com/$1 [R=301,L]

If you do not want to pass the path to the new domain, change the last line to:
RewriteRule ^(.*)$ http://www.example-new.com/ [R=301,L]

How do you rewrite and add a trailing slash to URLs without one?

RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} !-f 
RewriteCond %{REQUEST_URI} !(.*)/$ 
RewriteRule ^(.*)$ http://www.example.com/$1/ [R=301,L]

How do you redirect from a blog sub domain to to a blog folder?

Example: Redirect blog.oldsite.com to www.newsite.com/blog/

Options +FollowSymLinks
RewriteEngine On
RewriteCond %{REQUEST_URI}/ blog
RewriteRule ^(.*) http://www.somewhere.com/%{REQUEST_URI} [R=302,NC]
RewriteRule ^(.*) http://www.somewhere.com/blog/%{REQUEST_URI} [R=302,NC]

How do you redirect one directory to another?

Options +FollowSymLinks RewriteEngine On RewriteRule ^(.*)/old-directory/(.*)$ $1/new-directory/$2 [R,L]