Environmental biotechnology addresses environmental issues like biomass production, pollution removal, and renewable energy generation by applying biological methods.
The industry is currently experiencing significant challenges despite technological advancement in chemistry, biology, health, and financial stability. The challenges are threatening the industry’s existence, especially with the COVID-19 pandemic. However, it has also presented chances for the pursuit of new scientific activities, specifically in environmental biotechnology.
Let’s discuss more environmental biotechnology industry challenges and opportunities in 2021.
1. The 2021 International Research Conference
First off, the COVID-19 vaccine has been discovered, and global vaccination is ongoing. That means that the 2021 International Research Conference will kick off this April in France as prior planned. The conference presents excellent opportunities for environmental biotechnology researchers, scientists, students, and academics. When the group comes together, they will have the chance to exchange and share experiences and research outcomes of environmental biotechnology.
The conference will also provide the main interdisciplinary media for practitioners, educators, and researchers to discuss current innovations, interests, trends, and feasible problems encountered and solutions endorsed in the environmental biotechnology industry.
Early January 2021, a group of researchers arrived in Wuhan to find out the source of COVID-19. Such kinds of researchers are expected to present their case, study, and findings at the conference. It is an opportunity to make viable their research and share information and knowledge with their fellow researchers and scientists.
As earlier mentioned, the COVID-19 pandemic has been a significant threat to environmental biotechnology. The virus almost led to a halt of every activity globally, including science. Many countries worldwide went under lockdown; thousands of people lost their lives, including researchers and scientists, making the industries research difficult.
However, with restricted movement and people having to stay and work from home, the pandemic posed opportunities for the natural environment. A significant decline in pollution and greenhouse gas emissions have been reported over time. The result was improved air quality.
The lockdown period also gave scientists a chance to prove to the world the effects of air and environmental pollution, which was evident at this time. Today, they have an opportunity of coming up with other measures of reducing environmental and air pollution.
3. Oil Recovery Powered by Microbial
Thanks to technological advancement, scientists will have the opportunity to apply divergent molecular methods to encourage hydrocarbon utilization in oil wells. The approach will help in purifying oil and minimizing processing costs for increased revenue.
It is expected that proteomic and genomic isolations will take effect in 2021. The two will aid in technology profiling, such as the use of sequencing and fingerprints. In turn, fingerprints and sequencing will give scientists the chance to understand every community and species for innovative exploitation.
Further, scientists will be able to use MEOR to gather hydrocarbon-consuming bacteria that will aid in the elimination of underground wells pollutants. The process will promote environmental bioremediation and help discover new oil wells, even in deteriorating oilfields.
4. Industrial Waste Treatment
Industrial waste treatment has been a headache for most nations. There has been too much industrial waste release into water bodies and the environment, which is harmful to humans, animals, and aqua life.
2021 is giving environmental biotechnologist a chance to come up with modern technological ways of treating industrial waste. Currently, scientists have discovered microorganisms that are technical and economical in treating waste.
The process relies a lot on detoxification and biodegradation for a hygienic environment. Biotechnologist are expected to hold a bio-augmentation campaign that urges industries to treat large industrial waste using bio-augmentation methods that accelerate the process of degradation. The process is useful when low volumes of microorganisms exist to create rewarding bioremediation.
5. Phytoremediation Measures
Today, Agriculture is at stake due to the accumulation of heavy metals and pollutants in the soil that affects its fertility and physical properties. Environmental biotechnology has the chance to revert the negative impact caused by the contaminants by coming up with soil treatment measures.
One of the best measures to be implemented is phytoremediation, which is the most effective soil treatment method. The process depends on genetically modified organisms to remove pollutants and heavy metals.
Biotechnologist are expected to use different phytoremediation methods such as phytovolatilization, phytoextraction, Phytotransformation, and phytodegradation.